HPRS 2301: Pathophysiology
The best research assignments are ones that use a variety of resources including books, newspaper and journal articles, and Internet sites. We encourage you to use all of these sources for this paper. We hope you will take full advantage of the many resources our libraries offer.
If you have questions about the research and construction of the paper, email your e-Librarian, Jimmi Rushing. You may also contact any of the Lone Star College-Kingwood Librarians. Write to instructor Wendy Creighton using your LSC-Online e-mail with any questions about topic selection or other course questions you may have. She will refer research and formatting questions to your e-Librarian.
Many ideas have been provided for you, but you are also free to think up one of your own choosing which must be approved by your instructor. Approval requires that you email your instructor about the topic you want to explore and what you want to do with it by the topic due deadline date located on the class calendar.
Is there a cure for cancer that scientists don't want us to know about?Hyperbaric oxygen therapy, is it effective in wound healing?How effective are diabetic pumps in the management of type one diabetes?Can exercise and proper diet “cure” depression?
- Topics are on a first come/first serve basis, although I will consider different angles on the same topic.
- The project paper should include and can be basically formatted in the following order:
- Thesis statement
- Arguments for from at least 3 different sources.
- Arguments against from at least 3 different sources.
- Include 1-2 online library references for each.
- Personal conclusion & why
- Works cited (your sources done in MLA style and submitted through the Project assignments section)
- Choose a side and back it up with your references. Use at least six (6) references for your report (see above). You can certainly use more references, but 6 is the minimum. This is an "issue driven" assignment. Based on your research, you are to decide whether or not the evidence backs up your thesis. To do this properly, you need credible evidence from places that have researched these issues, which is why you are to use the online library resources.
- Spelling matters, as well as good sentence structure. Take advantage of the free help sources listed in the Support section of this page. I do expect you to follow the rules of grammar and sentence structure. Have someone else check over your report who can do this so you can escape being penalized up to 20%.
- Formatting your works cited (sources):
I prefer that you use MS WORD to type your works cited, but if you have MS WORKS, make sure that you save your work in the rich text format (rtf.). You will be using the MLA report style for the works cited for your project. See our examples.
Using MS Word 2007 or MS Word 2010? Find out how MS Word helps you with MLA formatted papers.Contact the librarians if you need assistance with this.
EXAMPLE OF HOW TO SET UP REPORT:
Thesis statement: What is it you are trying to prove?
Arguments For: You can use bullets or numbers.
Arguments Against: You can use bullets or numbers.
Conclusion: Did the evidence support your thesis and why?
Works cited: Follow provided examples of setting up resources in MLA style which will then be submitted through the Project Dropbox in Assignments.
Librarian Talk about Getting Started:
As you begin, narrow your topic to a size that you can manage for the paper. Consider keywords that will help you find the information you need. For this paper, start with your condition or disease, using both common and medical terms. Use these keywords for locating information in the library catalog, electronic databases, and on the internet.
Keep searches in the library catalog general by using your condition or perhaps even the system affected. You may have to check the book's index or table of contents to see if it has information on your specific topic.
Databases will include additional ways to focus your topic. Medical databases will include limits by document type (clincial trial, systematic review), in addition to limits by age, gender or other population characteristics. There are also links at the top of most databases that will help you find keywords.
Librarian Talk about Books
Get a library card by submitting an online request to get a barcode number via email. If you are close to a Lone Star College library, stop by to get a Lone Star College photo ID. LSC-Kingwood Library will email you a barcode number and PIN to your Lone Star student email address. Link to your student email through MyLoneStar. If you need your barcode number immediately, complete the form and then call our circulation desk at 281-312-1691 in about 30 minutes during library hours. They can verify your identity and give you a barcode number over the phone.
Use the 14-digit barcode number from your library card or Lone Star College ID to request a book and to access the databases from home.
The catalog is online and includes books, videos and more from the Lone Star College Libraries and the Montgomery County and Harris County public libraries. You may use your Lone Star College ID at any branch of the three library systems.
Electronic books or E-books are available in the eBook Collection. Login with your library barcode number. Create a free account in EBSCO's Ebook to check out and download eBooks and to save favorite book titles and notes.
Here is a small sampling of related books and call numbers available from the Lone Star College-Kingwood Library. Find these and other information sources by searching the library catalog using your selected keywords. Books can be requested from the other college libraries by placing a Request, which takes just a few days, or try your local public library as well. From the library catalog record for each book, click on the subject links to find more books on the same topics.
RA638 .S53 2010 - Merino, N., ed. (2010) Should vaccinations be mandatory? Detroit: Greenhaven.
RA644 .M2 U37 2010 - Walsch, K.C., ed. (2010). Understanding malaria and lyme disease. New York: Nova Science.
RC114.5 .O37 2010 - Oldstone, M. B. A. (2010). Viruses, plagues, and history: Past, present, and future. New York: O RC388.5 Z58 2011 - Zivin, Justin A. (2011). tPA for stroke. New York: Oxford U P.
RC660 .C4635 2011 - Vella, A., ed. (2011) Clinical dilemmas in diabetes. Chicester, West Sussex, UK: Blackwell.
RM267 .A5212 2011 - Berlasky, N., ed. (2011). Antibiotics. Detroit: Greenhaven Press.
[LSC-eCollege: eBook Collection] Nathan, D. G. (2007). The cancer treatment revolution: How smart drugs and other new therapies are renewing our hope and changing the face of medicine. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley & Sons. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
FINDING ARTICLES: Databases
Librarian Talk... about Finding Journal and Newspaper Articles
Electronic databases are purchased by the libraries for your research use. To find articles in newspapers and journals, letters, reference books, illustrations, photographs and more, use your updated library card to log in to the following databases. If you find an interesting article that is not full-text, you may request it through interlibrary loan (I.L.L.). Contact the librarian if you need help getting an article. There is some overlap of articles in the databases, but all are excellent sources of information for research. We encourage you to use more than one.
HINT: Choose an appropriate database from the Subject Guide to databases or select from our alphabetical list of databases. Use the barcode number from your Lone Star College ID or library card to log in to any of our databases from off-campus.
When searching the databases, remember to select "full text" or "Articles with text" to limit your search. Choose HTML or PDF versions to view full text. You may want to limit your articles to those that are scholarly/peer-reviewed.
Choose from the following databases. You do not need to search them all; be selective and choose the databases that may best suit your topic.
- Academic Search Complete - Includes a broad selection of journal, newspaper, and magazine articles.
Tips for searching Academic Search Complete: try common and medical terms for your condition. Once you have search results, examine the limits to the left of the result list to limit articles to full-text, scholarly and by date. Use the Subject Headings link at the top left of the database to find successful keywords. Use the Ask-A-Librarian link at the top right to send an email questions to a LSCS Librarian.
Health & Medical Databases
CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing & Allied Health Literature) Plus with Full Text - Professional and research journals for most allied health fields are indexed, with full-text available for many. Tip: Start your search for a condition or disease using the CINAHL Headings (Learn how). On the result page, use the boxes to the left to limit to full-text and by date. PubMed - National Library of Medicine index to medical literature worldwide. Enter your search keywords in the search box at the top of the screen or use the links to Help and PubMed Tutorials to learn how to search this database for clinical information, use the MEdical Subject Headings (MESH) and locate the full-text for selected articles. Free to the public.
Also useful for this assignment:
Alt HealthWatch - For a different perspective on herbal and nutritional supplements and alternative treatments, try this database which includes full-text research journals, pamplets, reports, proceedings and consumer health newsletters. If you have trouble finding enough articles, try clicking on the link to "Subjects." Search your term and retrieve a list of alternative subject terms. Health Reference Center Academic - Includes articles from medical and healthcare journals, reference books, and dictionary definitions. After performing your search, use the specific subjects provided to narrow your search. Health Source: Nursing/Academic Edition - An excellent source for scholarly journal articles, with an emphasis on nursing, this database also includes the Lexi-PAL Drug Guide, which provides access to 1,300 drug monographs. PubMed Central - From the National Library of Medicine, this resource links to articles from government agencies and hospital and health organizations. All articles are full-text and free. Includes images.
Librarian Talk... about the Internet
The internet is a wonderful source of original documents. Remember to find reputable sites. Use the following criteria to evaluate web sites:
- Accuracy - The information should be researched and show proof of that research with references.
- Source - Look at the domain; valid research sources include the following:.edu .gov .org .net
- Authority - What are the author's credentials?
- Coverage - Does the page have the information you need for your research?
- Objectivity - Be aware of bias. Offer both sides of issues, where applicable.
- Currency - Is the information recent? Look for the date of publication.
For help in evaluating specific internet resources use this Evaluating Information Checklist.
Be selective and choose from these or other web sites that best suit your topic.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Select Diseases & Conditions to choose a disease and link to information about clinical trials, statistics, podcasts, current research projects and links to other resources.
- ClinicalTrials.gov - Government database of clinical research studies across the U.S. Under the Resource area, see Understanding Clinical Trials for general information about participants, protocols, informed consent, benefits and risks, and more.
- MEDLINEplus - Consumer information and education from the National Library of Medicine. Link to Videos & Cool Tools for effective patient education modules.
- Merck Manuals Online - a good starting point for basic information including etiology, symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and outlook.
- National Institutes of Health - Start with Conditions/Diseases section to browse and find links to government and other high quality internet sources of information.
- TRIP database -a specialized search engine for evidence-based research. Search for a disease or condition and identify articles, standards, and more. If you cannot locate the full-text of an article, search the A-Z database (use the journal title) or request through interlibrary loan.
- Evidence-Based Practice in the Health Sciences - Tutorial - Choose the allied health area of interest to you to learn about the role of research in health practice, what sources provide the best evidence and how to find evidence-based research.
SUPPORT: PUTTING IT ALL TOGETHER
Librarian Talk about Support
Support for a successful paper is more than finding the right resources. Putting it all together takes time and effort. Consider using the following list of resources.
Works Cited: MLA Style | LSC-Kingwood Library Guide with basic paper formatting guidelines and examples of Works Cited entries. Find out how MS Word helps you with MLA formatted papers.
Avoiding Plagiarism | Excellent information and guide on how to avoid plagiarism from the Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University. OWL also includes instructions and examples for creating outlines and for MLA formatted papers.
Learning Center | Check our hours for help with writing outlines and papers.
Email your E-Librarian, Jimmi Rushing, in your LSC-Online class or contact any reference librarian for help with research or citation formattin
Contact your instructor, Wendy Creighton, for questions about your assignment.
Page created by Carolyn Harty, 02/09, rev. 10/10 hb, updated 7/12; jfr.